Underwater plants provide oxygen, food, and shelter. These coastal perennials, annuals, and shrubs will put on a showstopping display of color from spring to fall, despite sandy soils, salt spray, and strong winds. Marine algae, particularly sargassum weed, are brought up onto the beach by ocean currents. Plants are categorized as having low, medium, and high salt and sea spray tolerance. Kelp can grow up to 150 feet tall! The health of submerged aquatic vegetation is an important environmental indicator of overall ocean and estuary health. Eel grass, a type of submerged aquatic vegetation, supports the life cycle of many fish and shellfish. Learn how to choose a seaside plant and learn which plants for a seaside garden offer the best performance. Blythe Copeland is a writer, editor, and blogger who began working with Treehugger in 2008. To explore the process of photosynthesis in the ocean. Stunning Underwater Plants and Sea Life on the Ocean Floor By. Elevate an already-stunning ocean view by creating a showstopping seaside garden. Kelp is a surface plant that lives in shallow waters. Plant debris and seeds are continually washing up. From seagrasses to algae, the sea plant community is diverse and includes many varieties. Because they're so tough, these plants also would be good choices for just about any yard, whether your view is a beach, prairie, or mountaintop. Lots of animals feed off of kelp. Purpose. This lesson uses the book Ocean Sunlight: How Tiny Plants Feed the Seas to teach students about photosynthesis and its importance of providing food for ocean marine life as well as the oxygen needed to sustain life on earth and in the ocean. Writer. Blythe Copeland. It grows around cold, rocky coastlines. Plants range from microscopic specimens to large spreading plants. The best seaside garden plants tolerate hot coastal sun, extreme winds, and sandy soil. 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